The Allen and Greenough is still under construction;
so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.
Agreement of Verb and Subject.
316. A Finite Verb agrees with its Subject in Number
and Person: -
- ego statuo, I resolve.
- senatus decrevit, the senate
- silent leges inter arma (Mil. 11),
the laws are dumb in time of war.
NOTE: In verb-forms containing a participle, the participle
agrees with the subject in gender and number (§286): -
- oratia est habita, the plea
- bellum exortum est, a war
a. A verb having a relative as its subject
takes the person of the expressed or implied antecedent: -
- adsum qui feci (Aen. ix. 427),
here am I who did it.
- tu, qui scis, omnem diligentiam
adhibebis (Att. v. 2. 3), you, who know, will use all
videte quam despiciemur omnes qui sumus e
municipiis (Phil. iii. 15), see how all of us are scorned who
are from the free towns.
b. A verb sometimes agrees in number (and a participle in the verb-form in number and gender) with an appositive or
predicate noun: -
- amantium irae amoris integratio
est (Ter. And. 655), the quarrels of love are the renewal of
- non omnis error stultitia dicenda
est (Div. ii. 90), not every error should be called folly.
- Corinthus lumen Graeciae exstinctum
est (cf. Manil. 11), Corinth, the light of Greece, is put