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Rules of Agreement.


Adjectives, Adjective Pronouns, and Participles agree with their nouns in Gender, Number, and Case: -

NOTE: All rules for the agreement of adjectives apply also to adjective pronouns and to participles.

a. With two or more nouns the adjective is regularly plural, but often agrees with the nearest (especially when attributive): -

NOTE: An adjective referring to two nouns connected by the preposition cum is occasionally plural (synesis, § 280. a): as, - Iuba cum Labieno captí (B. Afr. 52), Juba and Labienus were taken.

b. A collective noun may take an adjective of a different gender and number agreeing with the gender and number of the individuals implied (synesis, § 280. a): -

NOTE: A superlative in the predicate rarely takes the gender of a partitive genitive by which it is limited: as, - vélócissimum animálium delphínus est (Plin. N. H. ix. 20), the dolphin is the swiftest [creature] of creatures.