The Allen and Greenough is still under construction;
so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.
305. A Relative agrees with its Antecedent in
Gender and Number; but its Case depends on its
construction in the clause in which it stands: -
- ea diés quam
cónstituerat vénit (B. G. i. 8), that day which
had appointed came.
- pontem quí erat ad
Genávam iubet rescindí (id. i. 7), he orders the
bridge which was near Geneva to be cut down.
- Aduatucí, dé quibus
suprá díximus, domum revertérunt
(id. ii. 29), the Aduatuci, of whom we have spoken above, returned
NOTE: This rule applies to all relative words so far as they
are variable in form: as, quális,
quarltus, quícumque, etc.
a. If a relative has two or more
antecedents, it follows the rules for the agreement of predicate
adjectives (§§ 286, 287): -
- fílium et fíliam,
quós valdé díléxit, unó tempore
ámísit, he lost at the same time a son and a
daughter whom he dearly loved.
- grandés nátú
mátrés et parvulí líberí,
quórum utrórumque aetás misericordiam nostram
requírit (Verr. v. 129), aged matrons and little
children, whose time of life in each case demands our compassion.
- ótium atque dívitiae, quae
príma mortálés putant (Sall. Cat. 36),
idleness and wealth, which men count the first (objects of desire).
- eae frúgés et
frúctús quós terra gignit
(N. D. ii. 37), those fruits and crops which the earth
For the Person of the verb agreeing with the relative, see § 316. a.