Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.

Indirect Object with Compounds.


Many verbs compounded with ad, ante, con, in, inter, ob, post, prae, pró, sub, super, and some with circum, admit the Dative of the indirect object: -

a. In these cases the dative depends not on the preposition, but on the compound verb in its acquired meaning. Hence, if the acquired meaning is not suited to an indirect object, the original construction of the simple verb remains.

Thus in convocat suós, he calls his men together, the idea of calling is not so modified as to make an indirect object appropriate. So hominem interficere, to make away with a man (kill him). But in praeficere imperátórem belló, to put a man as commander-in-chief in charge of a war, the idea resulting from the composition is suited to an indirect object (see also b, §§ 371, 388. b).

NOTE 1: Some of these verbs, being originally transitive, take also a direct object: as, - né offerámus nós perículís (Off. i. 83), it that we may not expose ourselves to perils. NOTE 2: The construction of § 370 is not so different in its nature from that of §§ 362, 366, and 367; but the compound verbs make a convenient group.

b. Some compounds of ad, ante, ob, with a few others, have acquired a transitive meaning, and take the accusative (cf. § 388. b): - [1][Such verbs are aggredior, adeó, antecédó, anteeó, antegredior, convenió, ineó, obeó, offendó, oppúgnó, praecédó, subeó.]

c. The adjective obvius and the adverb obviam with a verb take the dative: -