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INDIRECT OBJECT WITH INTRANSITIVES.
366. The Dative of the Indirect Object may be used
with ny Intransitive verb whose meaning allows: -
- cédant arma togae
(Phil. ii. 20), let arms give place to the gown.
- Caesarí respondet,
he replies to Caesar.
respondétur, a reply is given to Caesar (Caesar is replied to). [Cf. § 372.]
- respondí maximís
críminibus (Phil. ii. 36), I have answered the
- ut ita cuique éveniat
(id. ii. 119), that it may so turn out to each.
NOTE 1: Intransitive verbs have no Direct Object. The
Indirect Object, therefore, in these cases stands alone as in the second
example (but cf. § 362.a).
NOTE 2: cédó, yield, sometimes
takes the Ablative of the thing along with the Dative of the person: as,
- cédere alicui possessióne
hortórum (cf. Mil. 75), to give up to one the possession
of a garden.
a. Many phrases consisting of a noun with
the copula sum or a copulative verb
are equivalent to an intransitive verb and take a kind of indirect object
(cf. § 367.a N.2): -
- auctor esse alicui, to
advise or instigate one (cf. persuádeó).
- quis huic reí testis
est (Quinct. 37), who testifies (is witness) to this
- is fínis
populátiónibus fuit (Liv. ii. 30. 9), this
put an end to the raids.
b. The dative is sometimes used without a
copulative verb in a sense approaching that of the genitive
(cf. §§ 367.d,377): -
frátrí (Mur. 32), a leiutenant to his
brother (i.e. a man assigned to his brother).
- ministrí sceleribus
(Tac. Ann. vi. 36), agents of crime. [Cf. séditíonis ministrí
(id. i. 17), agents of sedition.]
- miseriís suís remedium
mortem exspectáre (Sall. Cat. 40), to look for death
as a cure for their miseries. [Cf. sólus meárum miseriárumst
remedium (Ter. Ad. 294).]
NOTE: The cases in a and b differ from the
construction of § 367.a N.2 and
§ 377 in that the dative is more
closely connected in idea with some single word to which is serves as an