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Possessive Pronouns.


The Possessive Pronouns are derivative adjectives, which take the gender, number, and case of the noun to which they belong, not those of the possessor: -

a. To express possession and similar ideas the possessive pronouns are regularly used, not the genitive of the personal or reflexive pronouns (§ 343. a): -

NOTE 1: Exceptions are rare in classic Latin, common in later writers. For the use of a possessive pronoun instead of an Objective Genitive, see § 348. a.

NOTE 2: The Interrogative Possessive cûius -a, -um, occurs in poetry and early Latin: as, - cûium pecus (Ecl. iii. 1), whose flock? The genitive cûius is generally used instead.

b. The possessives have often the acquired meaning of peculiar to, favorable or propitious towards, the person or thing spoken of: -

NOTE: This use is merely a natural development of the meaning of the possessive, and the pronoun may often be rendered literally.

c. The possessives are regularly omitted (like other pronouns) when they are plainly implied in the context: -

d. Possessive pronouns and adjectives implying possession are often used substantively to denote some special class or relation: -

NOTE: There is no reason to suppose an ellipsis here. The adjective becomes a noun like other adjectives (see § 288).

e. A possessive pronoun or an adjective implying possession may take an appositive in the genitive case agreeing in gender, number, and case with an implied noun or pronoun: -

For the special reflexive use of the possessive suus, see §§ 299, 300.