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In a subordinate clause of a complex sentence there is a double use of Reflexives.

1. The reflexive may always be used to refer to the Subject of its own clause (Direct Reflexive): -

2. If the Subordinate clause expresses the words or thought of the subject of the main clause, the reflexive is regularly used to refer to that Subject (Indirect Reflexive): -

NOTE: Sometimes the person or thing to which the reflexive refers is not the grammatical subject of the main clause, though it is in effect the subject of discourse: Thus, - cum ipsí deó nihil minus grátum futúrum sit quam nón omnibus patére ad sé plácandum viam (Legg. ii. 25), since to God himself nothing will be less pleasing then that the way to appease him should not be open to all men.

a. If the subordinate clause does not express the words or thought of the main subject, the reflexive is not regularly used, though it is occasionally found: -

b. Ipse is often (is rarely) used instead of an indirect reflexive, either to avoid ambiguity or from carelessness; and in later writers is sometimes found instead of the direct reflexive: -