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A noun used to describe another, and standing in the same part of the sentence with the noun described, is called an Appositive, and is said to be in apposition: -

a. Words expressing parts may be in apposition with a word including the parts, or vice versa (Partitive Apposition): -

b. An Adjective may be used as an appositive: -

c. An appositive generally agrees with its noun in Gender and Number when it can: -

NOTE: But such agreement is often impossible: as, - ólim truncus eram fículnus, inútile lígnum (Hor. S. i. 8. 1), I once was a fig-tree trunk, a useless log.

d. A common noun in apposition with a Locative (§ 427) is put in the Ablative, with or without the preposition in: -

For a Genitive in apposition with a Posessive Pronoun or an Adjective, see § 302. e.

For the so-called Appositional Genitive, see § 343. d.

For the construction with nómen est, see § 373. a.