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Dative of Possession.


The Dative is used with esse and similar words to denote Possession: -

NOTE: The Genitive or a Possessive with esse emphasizes the possessor; the Dative, the fact of possession: as, - liber est meus, the book is MINE (and no one's else); est mihi liber, I HAVE a book (among other things).

a. With nómen est, and similar expressions, the name is often put in the Dative by a kind of apposition with the person; but the Nominatuve us also common: -

NOTE: In early Latin the dative is usual; Cicero prefers the nominative, Livy the dative; Sallust uses the dative only. In later Latin the genitive also occurs (cf. § 343. d): as, - Q. Metelló Macedonicí nómen inditum est (Vell. i. 11), to Quintus Metellus the name of Macedonius was given.

b. Désum takes the dative; so occasionally absum (which regularly has the ablative): -