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Gerund and Supine.


The Gerund and Supine are used as follows: -

a. The Gerund is a verbal noun, corresponding in meaning to the English verbal noun in -ing (§ 502): as, loquendí causá, for the sake of speaking.

NOTE: The Gerund is found only in the oblique cases. A corresponding nominative is supplied by the Infinitive: thus, scríbere est útile, writing (to write) is useful; but, ars scríbendí, the art of writing.

b. The Supine is in form a noun of the fourth declension (§ 94. b), found only in the accusative ending in -tum, -sum, and the dative or ablative ending in -tú, -sú.

The Supine in -um is used after verbs and the Supine in after adjectives (§§ 509, 510): -