Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.

The Locative Case.


The Locative form for nouns of the third declension end in the singular in or -e, in the plural in -ibus: as, rúrí, in the country; Cartháginí or Carthágine, at Carthage; Trallibus, at Tralles.[1][The Indo-European locative singular ended in , which became -e in Latin. Thus the Latin ablative in is, historically considered, a locative. The Latin ablative (from -íd) was an analogical formation (cf. from -ád, -ó from -ód), properly belonging to i-stems. With names of towns and a few other words, a locative function was ascribed to forms in (as, Cartháginí), partly on the analogy of the real locative o-stems (as, Corinthí, § 49. a); but forms in -e also survived in this use. The plural -bus is properly dative or ablative, but in forms like Trallibus it has a locative function. Cf. Philippís (§ 49. a), in which the ending -ís is, historically considered, either locative, or instrumental, or both, and Athénís (§ 43. c), in which the ending is formed on the analogy of o-stems.]