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Dative of the Purpose or End.


The Dative is used to denote the Purpose or End, often with another Dative of the person or thing affected.

This use of the dative, once apparently general, remains in only a few constructions, as follows: -

1. The dative of an abstract noun is used to show that for which a thing serves or which is accomplishes, often with another dative of the person or thing affected: -

NOTE 1: This construction is often called the Dative of Service, or the Double Dative construction. The verb is usually sum. The noun expressing the end for which is regularly abstract in singular in number and is never modified by an adjective, except one of degree (mágnus, minor, etc.), or by a genitive.

NOTE 2: The word frúgí used as an adjective is a dative of this kind: -

2. The Dative of Purpose of concrete nouns is used in prose in a few military expressions, and with freedom in poetry: -

For the Dative of the Gerundive denoting Purpose, see § 505. b.