Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.



Adjectives requiring an object of reference govern the Objective Genitive.

a. Adjectives denoting desire, knowledge, memory, fulness, power, sharing, etc., and their opposites govern the genitive:

b. Participles in -ns govern the genitive when they are used as adjectives, i.e. when they denote a constant disposition and not a particular act:

NOTE 1: Participles in -ns, when used as participles, take the case regularly governed by the verb to which they belong: as, Sp. Maelium regnum appetentem interemit (Cat. M. 56), he put to death Spurius Maelius, who was aspiring to royal power.

NOTE 2: Occasionally participial forms in -ns are treated as participles (see note 1) even when they express a disposition or character: as, virtus quam alil ipsam temperantiam dlcunt esse, alil obtemperantem temperantiae praecephs et eam subsequentem (Tusc. iv. 30), observant of the teachings of temperance and obedient to her.

c. Verbals in -áx251) govern the genitive in poetry and later Latin:

d. The poets and later writers use the genitive with almost any adjective, to denote that with reference to which the quality exists (Genitive of Specification): -

NOTE: The genitive of Specification is only an extension of the construction with adjectives requiring an object of reference (§349). Thus callidus denotes knowledge; pauper, want; púrus, innocence; and so these words in a manner belong to the classes under a.

For the Ablative of Specification, the prose construction, see § 418. For Adjectives of likeness etc. with the Genitive, apparently Objective, see § 386. c. For Adjectives with animí (locative in origin), see § 358.