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Antecedent of the ReLative.


The Antecedent Noun sometimes appears in both clauses; but usually only in the one that precedes. Sometimes it is wholly omitted.

a. The antecedent noun may be repeated in the relative clause: -

locí nátúra erat haec quem locum nostrí délégerant (B. G. ii. 18), the nature of the ground which our men had chosen was this.

b. The antecedent noun may appear only in the relative clause, agreeing with the relative in case: -

NOTE: In this case the relative clause usually comes first (cf. §308. d) and a demonstrative usually stands in the antecedent clause: -

c. The antecedent may be omitted, especially if it is indefinite: -

d. The phrase id quod or quae rés may be used (instead of quod alone) to refer to a group of words or an idea: -

NOTE: But quod alone often occurs: as, - Cassius noster, quod mihi mágnae voluptáti fuit, hostem rêiécerat (Fam. ii. 10), our friend Cassius - which was a great satisfaction to me - had driven back the enemy.

e. The antecedent noun, when in apposition with the main clause, or with some word of it, is put in the relative clause: -

f. A predicate adjective (especially a superlative) belonging to the antecedent may stand in the relative clause: -