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Primary Suffixes.


The words in Latin formed immediately from the root by means of Primary Suffixes, are few. For -

1. Inherited words so formed were mostly further developed by the addition of other suffixes, as we might make an adjective lone-ly-some-ish, meaning nothing more than lone, lonely, or lonesome.

2. By such accumulation of suffixes, new compound suffixes were formed which crowded out even the old types of derivation. Thus, -

A word like méns, mentis, by the suffix ón- (nom. ), gave mentió, and this, being divided into men tió, gave rise to a new type of abstract nouns in -tió: as, légá-tió, embassy.

A word like audítor, by the suffix io- (nom. -ius), gave rise to adjectives like audítór-ius, of which the neuter (audítórium) is used to denote the place where the action of the verb is performed. Hence tório- (nom. -tórium), N., becomes a regular noun-suffix (§ 250. a).

So in English such a word as suffocation gives a suffix -ation, and with this is made starvation, though there is no such word as starvate.