1. On the Present stem are formed -
The Present, Imperfect, and Future Indicative, Active and Passive.
The Present and Imperfect Subjunctive, Active and Passive.
The Imperative, Active and Passive.
The Present Infinitive, Active and Passive.
The Present Participle, the Gerundive, and the Gerund.
2. On the Perfect stem are formed -
The Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Indicative Active.
The Perfect and Pluperfect Subjunctive Active.
The Perfect Infinitive Active.
3. On the Supine stem are formed[The Perfect Passive and Future Active Participles and the Supine, though strictly noun-forms, each with its own suffix, agree in having the first letter of the suffix (t) the same and in suffering the same phonetic change (t to s, see § 15. 5). Hence these forms, along with several sets of derivatives (in -tor, -túra, etc., see § 238. b. N.1), were felt by the Romans as belonging to one system, and are conveniently associated with the Supine Stem. Thus, from pingó, we have pictum, pictus, pictúrus, pictor, pictúra; from rídeó, rísum (for ríd-tum), rísus (part.), rísus (noun), rísúrus, rísió, rísor, rísibilis.] -
a. The Perfect Passive Participle, which combines with the forms of the verb sum, be, to make -
The Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Indicative Passive.
The Perfect and Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive.
The Perfect Infinitive Passive.
b. The Future Active Participle, which combines with esse to make the Future Active Infinitive.
c. The Supine in -um and -ú. The Supine in -um combines with írí to make the Future Passive Infinitive (§ 203. a).
NOTE: The Perfect Participle with fore also makes a Future Passive Infinitive (as, amátus fore). For fore (futúrum esse) ut with the subjunctive, see § 569. 3. a.