Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.



The prosody of the earlier poets differs in several respects from that of the later.[1][Before the Latin language was used in literature, it had become much changed by the loss of final consonants and the shortening of final syllables under the influence of accent. In many cases this change was still in progress in the time of the early poets. This tendency was arrested by the study of grammar and by literature, but shows itself again in the Romance languages.]

a. At the end of words s, being only feebly sounded, does not make position with a following consonant; it sometimes disappeared altogether. This usage continued in all poets till Cicero's time (§ 15. 7).

b. A long syllable immediately preceded or followed by the ictus may be shortened (iambic shortening): -