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Mute Stems.


Masculine and Feminine Nouns with mute stems form the Nominative by adding s to the stem.

A labial (p) is retained before s: as, príncep-s.

A lingual (t, d) is dropped before s: as, míles (stem mílit-), cústós (stem cústód-).

A palatal (c, g) unites with s to form x: as, dux (for ¥duc-s), réx (for ¥rég-s).

a. In disyllabic stems the final syllable often shows e in the nominative and i in the stem: as, prínceps, stem príncip- (for -cap-).