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Direct Object.


The Direct Object of a transitive verb is put in the Accusative (§274).

a. The Accusative of the Direct Object denotes (1) that which is directly affected, or (2) that which is caused or produced by the action of the verb: -

NOTE: There is no definite line by which transitive verbs can be distinguished from intransitive. Verbs which usually take a direct object (expressed or implied) are called transitive, but many of these are often used intransitively or absolutely. Thus timeó, I fear, is transitive in the sentence inimícum timeó, I fear my enemy, but intransitive (absolute) in nólí timére, don't be afraid. Again, many verbs are transative in one sense and intransitive in another: as, - Helvétiós superáverunt Romání, the Romans overcame the Helvetians; but nihil superábat, nothing remained (was left over). So also many verbs commonly intransitive may be used transitively with a slight change of meaning: as, - rídés, you are laughing; but mé rídés, you're laughing at me.

b. The object of a transitive verb in the active voice becomes its subject in the passive, and is put in the nominative (§275):