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Dative of Reference.


The Dative often depends, not on any particular word, but on the general meaning of the sentence (Dative of Reference).

The dative in this construction is often called the Dative of Advantage or Disadvantage,[1][Datívus commodí aut incommodí] as denoting the person or thing for whose benefit or to whose prejudice the action is performed.

NOTE: In this construction the meaning of the sentence is complete without the dative, which is not, as in the preceeding constructions, closely connected with any single word. Thus the Dative of Reference is easily distinguishable in most instances even when the sentence consists of only two words, as in the first example.