Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.

Verbs of Accusing, Condemning, and Acquitting.


Verbs of accusing, condemning, and acquitting, take the Genitive of the Charge or Penalty:

a. Peculiar genitives, under this construction, are

NOTE: The origin of these genitive constructions is pointed at by pecúriae damnáre (Gell xx. 1. 38), to condemn to pay money, in a case of injury to the person; quantae pecuniae iúdicati cesserit (id. xx. 1. 47), how much money they were adjudged to pay, in a mere suit for debt; confessí aeris ac debití iúdicati (id. xx. 1. 42), adjudged to owe an admitted sum due. These expressions show that the genitive of the penalty comes from the use of the genitive of value to express a sum of money due either as a debt or as a fine. Since in early civilizations all offences could be compounded by the payment of fines, the genitive came to be used of other punishments, not pecuniary. From this to the genitive of the actual crime is an easy transition, inasmuch as there is always a confusion between crime and penalty (cf. Eng. guilty of death). It is quite unnecessary to assume an ellipsis of crímine or iúdicio.