The Allen and Greenough is still under construction;
so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.
Question and Answer.
336. There is no one Latin word in common use
meaning simply yes or no. In answering a question
affirmatively, the verb or some other emphatic word is gellerally
repeated; in answering negatively, the verb, etc., with non or a similar negative: -
- valetne, is he well? valet, yes (he is well).
- eratne tecum, was he with
you?non erat, no (he was not).
- num quidnam novi? there is
nothing new, is there? nihil sane, oh!
a. An intensive or negative particle, a
phrase, or a clause is sometimes used to answer a direct question: -
1. For YES: -
- vero, in truth, true, no
- ita vero, certainly (so in truth), etc.
- etiam, even so, yes, etc.
- sane quidem, yes, no doubt,
- ita, so, true, etc.
- ita est, it is so, true, etc.
- sane, surely, no doubt,
- certe, certainly,
- factum, true, it's a fact, you're
right, etc. (lit., it was done).
2. For NO: -
- non, not so.
- nullo modo, by no means.
- minime, not at all (lit., in the smallest degree, cf. §329. a).
- minime vero, no, not by any
means; oh! no, etc.
- non quidem, why, no; certainly
- non hercle vero, why, gracious,
no! (certainly not, by Hercules!)
Examples are: -
- quidnam? an laudationes? ita,
why, what? is it eulogies? just so.
- aut etiam aut non respondere
(Acad. ii. 104), to answer (categorically) yes or no
- estne ut fertur forma? sane
(Ter. Ewl. 3G1), is she as handsome as they say she is? (is her beauty as it is said?) oh! yes.
- miser ergo Archelaus? certe si
iniustus (Tusc. v. 35), was Archelaus wretched then? certainly,
if he was unjust.
- an haec contemnitis? minime (De Or. ii. 295), do you despise these things? not at all.
- volucribusne et feris? minime vero
(Tusc. i. 104), to the birds and beasts? why, of course not.
- ex tui animi sententia tu uxorem habes?
non herele, ex mei animi sententia (De Or. ii. 260), Lord! no,