|-ter (-tris), -ester (-estris), -timus, -nus, -ernus, -urnus, -ternus (-turnus)||palús-ter, of the marshes;|
|pedes-ter, of the foot-soldiers;||pedes, a footman.|
|sémés-tris, lasting six months;||sex ménsés, six months.|
|silv-ester, silv-estris, woody;||silva, a wood.|
|fini-timus, neighboring, on the borders;||fínis, an end.|
|mari-timus, of the sea;||mare, sea.|
|vér-nus, vernal;||vér, spring.|
|hodi-ernus, of to-day;||hodié, to-day.|
|di-urnus, daily;||diés, day.|
|hes-ternus, of yesterday;||herí (old hesí), yesterday.|
|diú-turnus, lasting;||diú, long (in time).|
NOTE: Of these, -ester is formed by adding tri- (cf. tro-, § 234. II. 16) to stems in t- or d-. Thus pedet-tri- becomes pedestri-, and others follow the analogy. -nus is an inherited suffix (§ 234. II. 4). -ernus and -urnus are formed by adding -nus to s-stems: as, diur-nus (for dius-nus), and hence, by analogy, hodiernus (hodié). By an extension of the same principle were formed the suffixes -ternus and -turnus from words like paternus and nocturnus.
a. Adjectives meaning belonging to are formed from nouns by means of the suffixes -
|-árius, -tórius (-sórius)||órdin-árius, regular;|
|argent-árius, of silver or money;||argentum, silver.|
|extr-árius, stranger;||extrá, outside.|
|meri-tórius, profitable;||meritus, earned.|
|dévor-sórius, of an inn (cf. § 254. 5);||dévorsus, turned aside.|
NOTE 1: Here -ius (§ 234. II. 11) is added to shorter forms in -áris and -or: as, pecúliárius (from pecúliáris), bellátórius (from bell=ator).
NOTE 2: These adjectives are often fixed as nouns (see § 254).