Heavy Construction

The Allen and Greenough is still under construction; so some links may not work quite the way you would expect.

a. Adverbs of Place[1][All these adverbs were originally case-forms of pronouns. The forms in -bi and -íc are locative, those in and -úc, -á and -ác, ablative (see § 215); those in -inc are from -im (of uncertain origin) with the particle -ce added (thus illim, illin-c).]

híc, here. húc, hither. hinc, hence. hác, by this way.
ibi, there. , thither. inde, thence. , by that way.
istíc, there. istúc, thither. istinc, thence. istá, by that way.
illíc, there. illúc, thither. illinc, thence. illá (illác), `` ``
ubi, where. quó, whither. unde, whence. quá, by what way.
alicubi, somewhere. aliquó, somewhither, alicunde, from aliquá, by some way.
(to) somewhere. somewhere.
ibídem, in the same eódem, to the same indidem, from the eádem, by the same.
place. place. same place. way.
alibí, elsewhere, in alió, elsewhere, to aliunde, from aliá, in another.
another place. another place. another place. way.
ubiubi, wherever. quóquó, undecunque, quáquá, in whatever.
whithersoever. whencesoever. way.
ubivís, anywhere, quóvís, anywhere, undique, from every quávís, by whatever.
where you will. whither you will. quarter. way.
sícubi, if anywhere. síquó, if anywhere. sícunde, if from síquá, if anywhere.
(anywhither). anywhere.
nécubi, lest néquó, lest nécunde, lest from néquá, lest
anywhere. anywhither. anywhere. anywhere.

NOTE: The demonstrative adverbs híc, ibi, istíc, illí, illíc, and their correlatives, correspond in signification with the pronouns híc, is, iste, ille (see § 146), and are often equivalent to these pronouns with a preposition: as, inde = ab eó, etc. So the relative or interrogative ubi corresponds with quí (quis), ali-cubi with aliquis, ubiubi with quisquis, sí-cubi with síquis (see §§ 147 - 151, with the table of correlatives in § 152).

b. Adverbs of Time.

c. Adverbs of Manner, Degree, or Cause.

d. Interrogative Particles.

On the use of the Interrogative Particles, see §§ 332, 335.

e. Negative Particles.

For the use of Negative Particles, see § 325 ff.

For the Syntax and Peculiar uses of Adverbs, see § 320 ff.



The Comparative of Adverbs is the neuter accusative of the comparative of the corresponding adjective; the Superlative is the Adverb in formed regularly from the superlative of the Adjective: -

a. The following are irregular or defective: -

NOTE: In poetry the comparative mage is sometimes used instead of magis.