In many the simple verb is incomplete, but the missing parts occur in its compounds: as, vádó, vádere, in-vásí, in-vásum.
Some verbs occur very commonly, but only in a few forms: -
a. Aió, I say: -
|INDIC.||PRES.||aió, ais,[The second singular ais with the interrogative -ne is often written ain.] ait; - - , - - , aiunt|
|IMPF.||aiébam,[An old imperfect aibam, aibás, etc. (dissyllabic) is sometimes found.] aiébás, etc.|
|SUBJV.||PRES.||- - , aiás, aiat; - - , - - , aiant|
The vowels a and i are pronounced separately (a-is, a-it) except sometimes in old or colloquial Latin. Before a vowel, one i stands for two (see § 6. c): - thus aió was pronounced ai-yó and was sometimes written aiió.
b. Inquam, I say, except in poetry, is used only in direct quotations (cf. the English quoth).
The only common forms are inquam, inquis, inquit, inquiunt, and the future inquiés, inquiet.
c. The deponent fárí, to speak, has the following forms: -
Several forms compounded with the prepositions ex, prae, pró, inter, occur: as, praefátur, praefámur, affárí, prófátus, interfátur, etc. The compound ínfáns is regularly used as a noun (child). Ínfandus, nefandus, are used as adjectives, unspeakable, abominable.
d. Queó, I can, nequeó, I cannot, are conjugated like eó. They are rarely used except in the present. Queó is regularly accompanied by a negative. The forms given below occur, those in full-faced type in classic prose. The Imperative, Gerund, and Supine are wanting.
NOTE: A few passive forms are used with passive infinitives: as, quítur, queuntur, quitus sum, queátur, queantur, nequítur, nequitum; but none of these occurs in classic prose.
e. Quaesó, I ask, beg (original form of quaeró), has -
f. Ováre, to triumph, has the following: -