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Deponent Verbs have the forms of the Passive Voice, with an active or reflexive signification: -


First conjugation: míror, mírárí, mírátus, admire.

Second conjugation: vereor, verérí, veritus, fear.

Third conjugation: sequor, sequí, secútus, follow.

Fourth conjugation: partior, partírí, partítus, share.



míror vereor sequor partior
míráris (-re) veréris (-re) sequeris (-re) partíris (-re)

mírátur verétur sequitur partítur
mírámur verémur sequimur partímur
míráminí veréminí sequiminí partíminí

mírantur verentur sequuntur partiuntur
IMPF. mírábar verébar sequébar partiébar
FUT. mírábor verébor sequar partiar
PERF. mírátus sum veritus sum secútus sum partítus sum
PLUP. mírátus eram veritus eram secútus eram partítus eram

F. P.

mírátus eró veritus eró secútus eró partítus eró
IMPF. mírárer verérer sequerer partírer
PERF. mírátus sim veritus sim secútus sim partítus sim
PLUP. mírátus essem veritus essem secútus essem partítus essem



míráre verére sequere partíre
FUT. mírátor verétor sequitor partítor



mírárí verérí sequí partírí
PERF. mírátus esse veritus esse secútus esse partítus esse
FUT. mírátúrus esse veritúrus esse secútúrus esse partítúrus esse



míráns veréns sequéns partiéns
FUT. mírátúrus veritúrus secútúrus partítúrus
PERF. mírátus veritus secútus partítus
GER. mírandus verendus sequendus partiendus


mírandí, -ó, etc. verendí, etc. sequendí, etc. partiendí, etc.


mírátum, -tú veritum, -tú secútum, -tú partítum, -tú

a. Deponents have the participles of both voices: -

sequéns, following. secútúrus, about to follow.
secútus, having followed. sequendus, to be followed.

b. The perfect participle generally has an active sense, but in verbs otherwise deponent it is often passive: as, mercátus, bought; adeptus, gained (or having gained).

c. The future infinitive is always in the active form: thus, sequor has secútúrus (-a, -um) esse (not secútum írí).

d. The gerundive, being passive in meaning, is found only in transitive verbs, or intransitive verbs used impersonally: -

e. Most deponents are intransitive or reflexive in meaning, corresponding to what in Greek is called the Middle Voice (§ 156. a. N.).

f. Some deponents are occasionally used in a passive sense: as, críminor, I accuse, or I am accused.

g. About twenty verbs have an active meaning in both active and passive forms: as, mereó or mereor, I deserve.