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Some nouns of the above classes (§ 101. 1 - 4), have a corresponding singular, as noun or adjective, often in a special sense:

1. As noun, to denote a single object: as, Bacchánal, a spot sacred to Bacchus; optimás, an aristocrat.

2. As adjective: as, Cató Maior, Cato the Elder.

3. In a sense rare, or found only in early Latin: as, scála, a ladder; valva, a door; artus, a joint.